The Latin word acritūdo came to Castilian as acrimony. According to the first meaning mentioned by the dictionary of the Digopaul, the concept is synonymous with acrimony: roughness, hardness or the rigor of something.
For example: “The acrimony was maintained throughout the legislative session”, “Thanks to the changes promoted by this government, there is now legal acrimony and criminals pay for their crimes”, “I always carried out my work with acrimony”.
The acrimony, in this way, can refer to the character of a person or the type of bond that it establishes with other subjects. The notion alludes to severity or inclement. A teacher who carries out his work with bitterness does not tolerate the lack of respect and indiscipline of his students. This is why they often apply punishments to those who do not behave appropriately or who violate the rules of conduct.
In a similar sense, the head of a company can address his employees with bitterness. This man prefers to keep his distance from his subordinates and chooses not to allow the development of an affectionate relationship.
It is important to note that acrimony in dealing with other people is not a pleasant thing; on the contrary, it can be understood as a synonym for acidity, brusqueness, irony and biting, among other similar terms. It should not be confused with a strict attitude, but refers to the absence of sweetness in communication.
Although it is not a word widely used in everyday speech, it is common to label someone “sour” when their way of treating us does not seem appropriate. For example, a store clerk who serves customers in a bad way for no apparent reason, or a government agency employee who seems to want to instill fear in the public, two cases that occur very often in certain cities.
The acrimony, according to the SAR, is also linked to the roughness that is felt through smell or taste: “Be careful with this ingredient: if you use too much, its acrimony will overshadow the other flavors”, “There are people who they find the bitterness of the onion unpleasant “, ” The bitterness of this vinegar is evident by its aroma “.
In the field of engineering, the state of a metal is called acrimony that, for different reasons, has lost its malleability and ductility. This is also known as cold or strain hardening, and it occurs because of a plastic deformation in the material that increases the density of its dislocations.
By dislocation we mean, in the world of solid state physics and materials science, a series of defects that take place in the crystal network of dimension one. The phenomenon of acridity hardening occurs at the macroscopic level as a resistance to the aforementioned deformation, and this occurs through the saturation process of the material with more dislocations, since it resists new ones from being generated and moving.
In the case of metallic type crystals, the plastic deformation cannot be reversed and it is generated by dislocations when moving, something that affects its entire structure. If these crystals are at a normal temperature, that is, that does not approach any of the extremes of cold or heat, the deformation of a material also results in the creation of dislocations; in this case, more are produced than are eliminated, and they create tensions that block the mobility of others. Thus the ductility of the material decreases, as a consequence of a growth in its resistance.