In order to discover the meaning of the term compensation, it is necessary to proceed to know its etymological origin. In this case, it must be determined that it derives from Latin as it is the result of the sum of several clearly delimited elements:
-The prefix “with”, which means “together”.
-The verb “think”, which is synonymous with “weigh on a scale”.
-The suffix “-cion”, which is used to indicate “action and effect”.
The compensation is the act and the result of compensating. This verb refers to granting something as compensation for a loss or to equalize, in the opposite sense, the effect of one element with the effect of a different element.
In the field of law, compensation is called the extinction of overdue obligations between individuals who are reciprocal creditors and debtors. Compensation, in this framework, implies that each one’s debts are settled.
According to DigoPaul, a compensation can also be an exchange of securities carried out by two lenders. This operation requires that reciprocal debits and credits be settled periodically.
Within the field of education, the term we are dealing with is also used. Thus, we speak of educational compensation. Basically this is a plan that is developed in Andalusia and whose main objective is to compensate for the curricular gap that a certain part of the student body may present, which, therefore, is at a socio-educational disadvantage.
Specifically, it is aimed at students who present a risk of premature abandonment of the educational system, who have joined the educational system late, who have really complex economic or social conditions and jeopardize their continuity in the educational system. educational system, those who have joined it irregularly…
Basically, in this Educational Compensation Plan, plans such as extracurricular activities, preventive actions for school absenteeism, complementary activities, activities that help to cultivate and promote what is the coexistence of the entire educational community are come to collect… All this duly planned through their times, their spaces and even the groupings that will take place.
The psychology, meanwhile, uses the term to name the strategy that adopts an individual in order to cover up their frustrations and weaknesses through virtues or rewards in another area. This process can develop unconsciously or consciously.
Experts distinguish between positive rewards (which help overcome difficulties) and negative rewards (which end up reinforcing the feeling of inferiority). These negative compensations, in turn, are divided into undercompensation and overcompensation.
A person who, when he turns 50, begins to feel old, can seek compensation for this feeling by dressing in youth clothes, listening to music for adolescents and practicing extreme sports.
Finally, the idea of compensation is associated with the balance that is sought to be achieved or maintained in an organism that suffers the consequences of some type of injury, illness or health disorder.