Definition of Complicity in English

Complicity is the quality of accomplice. This term, which comes from the Latin complex, refers to someone who expresses or feels solidarity or camaraderie with another person. For example: “When he finished speaking, he looked around for a knowing look”, “Both have great complicity since they share the same type of humor”, “A couple should never lose complicity”.

Complicity is an essential part of a friendship; it is a nuance of the union between two living beings that implies a deep understanding of the other, their needs, their tastes, their weaknesses and their strengths. Being an accomplice of someone, within the context of interpersonal relationships, means being together physically and mentally, understanding and completing each other.

For the law, an accomplice is a person who participates or is associated in a crime, without having been the direct author of it. This means that the accomplice cooperates with the criminal execution with previous or simultaneous acts: “The murderer has already been arrested, but now we are looking for the accomplices”, “The investigators believe that a robbery of this magnitude could not be carried out without the participation of various accomplices ”, “ Juárez assured that he acted without any complicity on the part of the Police ”.

The legal figure of the accomplice is present in all legal systems, although with different nuances and treatments, since different forms of complicity can be distinguished.

The necessary cooperator is the accomplice who performs an essential act for the execution of the crime (that is, without the cooperation of the accomplice, the crime could not have been carried out). A thief, to enter to rob a home, needs the owner of the house to go out into the street; For this he has an accomplice who rings the bell and deceives him by posing as a worker from the electricity company. In this case, the accomplice is the necessary cooperator (without his action, the person would not have left his home and the crime would not have been committed).

The accomplice itself, on the other hand, is one who cooperates but is not necessary for the crime to take place. This figure arises many times due to a combination of needs: there is the leader, who to be requires a series of subjects to guide, on whom to impose his mandate; and, on the other hand, there are those who seek the guidance of a safer individual, more determined than themselves, to know clearly the path they have to travel and not have to trace it themselves.

In this context, complicity has many nuances of submission, of surrender, since there is a stronger figure, which prevails and which marks the behavior that others must have or the plan that they must execute. It is an agreement, implicit or not, that gives one person the power to decide for others and ensures that their ideas will be respected. In a relationship of this kind, accomplices are not always given a space to express their feelings and opinions; although many times it is they themselves who choose not to have it.

Just as in the complicity that a friendship implies, in this case a high degree of fidelity is also taken for granted, a promise to be together through thick and thin. Although one of the parties seems to be at a disadvantage, it is necessary to remember that the accomplice of a criminal occupies that role for reasons that only he can understand, for emotional reasons that lead him to prefer to remain in the background, under the shadow of another person.