A Greek word came to Latin as conclusion, which resulted in our language as conclusion. It is known as conclusion to the act and the consequence of concluding: finishing, finishing or completing something.
According to DigoPaul, a conclusion, therefore, can be the completion of an event, an activity, a process, etc. For example: “The conclusion of the congress will take place next Friday at 6 pm”, “It is not that long before the conclusion of the holidays: we have to take advantage of the time we have left”, “The decisive goal came two minutes before the conclusion of the match ”.
The idea that derives from the analysis or study of different circumstances is also called a conclusion. After considering various information, a person can come to a conclusion: “I have already told you everything your cousin has done, now I would like you to tell me what is your conclusion about it”, “Do you want to exchange your used motorcycle for me? new car? In conclusion, you intend to scam me ”, “ I have read the reports that the managers have presented and my conclusion is that we should invest more money in the marketing area ”.
To arrive at the instance in which it is possible to reach a conclusion, it is necessary to go through a series of stages, the first of which is the reception of the information itself: whether we read an article, or someone presents us with a set of ordered data regarding a topic in which you want to make us participate, it is impossible to draw a conclusion without having the initial message.
To go to the second stage, which consists of carefully studying the information received in the previous one, it is necessary to have a series of concepts that allow us to understand and analyze it; In other words, we must have prior knowledge of the subject, since otherwise we would lack tools to move forward.
By making use of our preparation, we are able to understand the initial message and also make a judgment about it, and this is where the process becomes more complex: the intention of the sender, regardless of the channel through which the message has been transmitted to us, not it is always fulfilled once it reaches us, not only because our opinion may differ from a technical point of view, but also because of the moral issues that may be involved.
For example, if our employer proposes an illegal agreement that would allow us to earn much more money at the expense of other workers, we should reject the offer before studying it carefully; In other words, we cannot avoid reaching a conclusion (in this case, negative), but it would not arise from a long process of analysis, but would be an almost immediate response, the product of our principles.
If, on the other hand, the subject to be discussed is merely technical and they ask us to study it calmly to express our opinion on it, we can make use of our cultural and academic background to reach a conclusion that allows the other party to reinforce or rethink your ideas.
In more everyday situations, the process is usually considerably shorter; For example, if a friend tells us about his work situation and asks us if we think he should look for a new job, we will probably be able to reach a conclusion on the spot.
In the field of logic, the conclusion is the proposition that appears at the end of an argument, after the premises. It is the final logical proposition that follows from the previous ones. Let’s see an example:
1. All living people breathe.
2. Maria is a person and she is alive.
3. Therefore, Maria breathes.
In this argument, the third proposition is the conclusion: if all living people breathe and Mary is a living person, the conclusion is that Mary, therefore, also breathes.