Hygiene refers to the care, practices or techniques used for health conservation and disease prevention. By extension, hygiene is related to the cleaning and cleaning of homes and public places. It comes from the French word hygiène.
Although there was already talk of hygiene care in old books, such as the Koran or the Bible , it is modern medicine that will systematize its practice in order to avoid diseases resulting from unhealthy conditions, such as infectious and epidemic conditions. In this sense, hygiene revolutionized the human life of the last centuries, definitely changing the sanitary conditions of human populations, both rural and urban, and lowering mortality significantly.
Today, the concept of hygiene has evolved to the point that it is applicable to all areas of human life, such as collective, family, school hygiene, as well as environmental, water, air, food hygiene , etc.
As personal or individual hygiene, the habits of body grooming that everyone practices to prevent diseases and stay healthy are designated . Among them we can mention oral hygiene, hand washing, cleaning of eyes, ears, face, hair, genital area and feet, as well as periodic nail cutting.
The public health is that concerning the practices and methods of grooming and cleaning of public spaces or common, which are responsible authorities.
Oral hygiene is one that involves the care of the mouth and teeth, for the prevention of dental or stomach diseases (such as caries, gingivitis, tartar or halitosis), for which a correct tooth brushing, the usual use of dental floss is recommended and rinse, as well as regular visits to the dentist.
The industrial hygiene is constituted by the set of methods and techniques that prevent disease and health risks to which is exposed, by contact with the medium biological physical environment, chemical or professional industry. It is constituted by a series of measures that are in charge of recognizing, analyzing and controlling the factors of the work environment that may put the worker’s health at risk.
As mental health the designated set of habits and practices that an individual must implement to maintain mental health. Among the habits of proper mental hygiene are good self-esteem, positive thinking, good management and control of emotions, attention to physical health, satisfaction of basic needs, such as food and rest, an intellectual life active, as well as moments of leisure, pleasure and socialization. Good mental health is key to a balanced social development, which involves the labor, intellectual and interpersonal area.