A hypothesis is the assumption of something that might or may not be possible. In this sense, the hypothesis is an idea or an assumption from which we ask ourselves the reason for a thing, be it a phenomenon, a fact or a process.
As such, the hypotheses allow the thought process to begin, through which certain knowledge will be accessed.
The hypothesis is a fundamental tool of scientific and philosophical thought, which serves as the basis for theoretical models and propositions, and which functions as a cornerstone for the search and construction of answers in the generation of knowledge.
The hypothesis, however, is not limited only to the academic or school environment, but is also part of everyday language to express assumptions or conjectures: “My hypothesis was that if we did not go out before dinner, we would end up not going to the movies, and I got it right. ”
The word hypothesis, as such, comes from the Latin hypothĕsis, and is in turn from the Greek ὑπόθεσις (hypothesis). As such, it is a word that emerges from the combination of the Greek roots ὑπο- (hýpo-), which means ‘under’, and θέσις (thésis), ‘conclusion’ or ‘proposition’.
The hypothesis of an investigation is that statement that functions as the basis of a research process. The research work, in this sense, through a process of rigorous study, analysis and examination of the results obtained, should serve as proof or refutation of the validity of the hypothesis initially raised.
As such, the hypothesis is the fundamental part of all research work, whether it is limited to the scientific, humanistic, social or technological field.