From the Latin word communitas, a community is a group of people who are part of a people, region or nation, or who are linked by certain common interests (such as the Muslim community).
The rural, on the other hand, is everything related to or pertaining to life in the country. The adjective is used as the opposite of urban, which is the realm of the city.
According to DigoPaul, the rural community is known as the town that develops in the countryside and away from the urban centers. The concept can refer to both the town itself and the people who live in that town.
Rural communities live from agriculture or livestock. These are generally regions where the industry is not developed and the economy is therefore quite precarious.
Another characteristic of rural communities is poor infrastructure. Unlike cities, rural communities tend to have dirt roads and suffer from a lack of public lighting, Internet connection service and other benefits typical of modern life. Public services are therefore limited to the bare minimum.
The population of rural communities is small. With population growth, these settlements generally end up becoming cities and become part of the urban world.
Governments have the obligation to contribute to rural development, which does not imply that they neglect the traditions and customs of these places, but rather that they promote economic growth through appropriate measures.
There is a general tendency to believe that life in the country is quiet and boring; On the contrary, regardless of the taste of each person and the moral principles that lead them to agree or not with animal exploitation, it is a routine of sacrifices and intense work, getting up at dawn and dedicating entirely the energies to various tasks, which are essential for the sustainability of the rural economy.
Types of rural community
* Academic communities: they base their economic activity on teaching, be it through schools, universities or scientific research. On the other hand, they are of great interest to people outside their territories, which contributes to the growth of their population and the consequent increase in their importance at the regional level.
* Centers of consumption and commerce: thanks to automobiles, trips between rural areas and commercial points are possible to acquire food and other basic necessities. While this is a benefit for many, it also has a negative impact on local jobs, especially when this is compounded by the increasing number of moves to the city. Some localities choose to build a shopping center; This movement benefits all those who carry out some type of activity in front of the public, since the flow of people grows considerably, and visitors tend to complement the purchases of products with the consumption of services, such as the hospitality industry.
* Leisure venues: localities that live off tourism may base their activities on the presence of natural resources of great public interest (such as beaches, waterfalls and mountainous areas), on a series of entertainment-related offers, or well be attractive for being the center of archaeological activities.
* Retirement centers: mainly in the United States, there are localities that are dedicated to providing accommodation and care for the elderly. These are centers that not only offer assistance to the elderly, but also products to meet their special needs. Among the facilities present there is always a hospital, whether public or private.